Khanna KK, 2009. In: Hong Kong Herbarium and the South China Institute of Botany. Acta Prataculturae Sinica, 19(4):10-15. Aquatic plants of Australia, Melbourne. Alternanthera philoxeroides exhibited a greater tolerance to herbivory than A. sessilis , via resource allocation to roots. Chong K Y, Tan H T W, Corlett R T, 2009. Compendium record. – rabbit-meat, sessile joyweed Alternanthera tenella Colla Alternanthera versicolor R.Br. Gangstad EO, 1977. The leaves are oppositely arranged. Proceedings of the seventh Asian-Pacific Weed Science Society conference, Sydney, Australia. Griseb. 17-20. The biology of Australian weeds 3. . We tested differences in tolerance between the invasive Alternanthera philoxeroides and its native congener A. sessilis. Fragments are commonly spread downstream by waterways and floods and new plants develop rapidly from any piece of stem or root material containing a node (Langeland et al., 2008; ISSG, 2016; Weeds of Australia, 2016). Two new species of Ramularia. 469:2 pp. In: Journal of Aquatic Plant Management, 33 55-60. In Sri Lanka A. philoxeroides was identified in 1998 and by 2004 it reached provinces at elevations > 2500 m (Jayasinghe, 2008). Melbourne University Press. Eradication (Amaranthaceae), specie nuova per la flora esotica d'Italia.) rubra (achyranthes alternifolia), achat en ligne, paramètres de l'eau, volume aquarium, maintenance, nourriture, comportement, cohabitation, astuces, conseils, ... Très jolie plante aux feuilles Biocontrol Science and Technology, 22(9):1093-1097. philoxeroides reproduces both sexually and asexually within its native distribution range, but propagates primarily through vegetative means in its introduced range. Aquatic plant management in Australia (not necessarily weed control!). International Journal of Sustainable Crop Production. 2013 Dec 26;8(12):e83619. philoxeroides is more resistant to herbicides than other aquatic macrophytes (Julien and Broadbent, 1980). Flanagan GJ, 1991. Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences. Genetic diversity of alligator weed ecotypes is not the reason for their different responses to biological control. Quantitative evaluation of the controlling effects of Agasicles hygrophila (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) on alligator weed (Alternanthera philoxeroides). in irrigated rice. This plant has an amazing ability to grow vigorously forming a massive underground rhizomatous root system that is difficult to control. (2013) report that since the first introduction of A. hygrophila from Florida to China in 1987, the genetic diversity of the control agent has decreased. Weeds of National Significance, Weeds Australia-National Weeds Strategy, Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Indian Journal of Weed Science, 37(1/2):152. Julien MH, Skarratt B, Maywald GF, 1995. and Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) The aquatic form of the plant has the potential to become a serious threat to rivers, waterways, wetlands and irrigation systems. from the foothills of Kumaun (Uttarakhand). Alligator weed broacher, City of Casey (Victoria). Alligator weed: tasty vegetable in Australian backyards?. – alligatorweed Alternanthera pubiflora Alternanthera reineckii Briq. Zhou Bing; Chen Jie; Ma ShengPing; Yin ShuaiWen; Wang Ning, 2016. Invasive Alien Species in South-Southeast Asia:66-69. Cultural services can be degraded by the infestation of scenic areas and waterbodies by A. philoxeroides (OEPP/EPPO, 2016). Lou YuanLai; Shen JinLiang; Zhao YanCun, 2005. In the USA, it is established in Arkansas, Florida, Louisiana, South Carolina and Texas. However in the 2000s new populations were found on the Tarn River and in Sorgues (Provence) in 2013. philoxeroides has been intentionally introduced by humans to be used as an aquarium plant and ornamental aquatic plant (USDA-ARS, 2016). [2] Plants of the genus may be known generally as joyweeds, or Joseph's coat. Weber E; Sun ShiGuo; Li Bo, 2008. by Yamamoto S, Kusumoto Y]. Als Garten-Zierpflanzen kennt man seit langer Zeit buntblättrige Sorten zum Beispiel von Alternanthera bettzickiana oder A. sessilis. Flora of China. In early winter, emergent stems lose many leaves and become prostrate forming part of the mat that supports the next season's growth. ], 7(1):143-146. Biological control of alligatorweed, 1959-1972. In 1963, over 65,000 ha of land in 8 southern states were overrun with invasive alligatorweed. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 584 pp. Molecular phenotypes associated with anomalous stamen development in Alternanthera philoxeroides. Aquatic weed problems in Puerto Rico. A. philoxeroides grows as a weed in both aquatic and terrestrial habitats, and often grows at the interface between these two environments (OEPP/EPPO, 2016). 7-20. Plant Protection Quarterly, 27(2):70-82., Dugdale TM; Clements D; Hunt TD; Butler KL, 2010. In this species, traits associated with sexual reproduction become degraded for sexual dysfunction, with flowers possessing either pistillate stamens or male-sterile anthers. [4], Some Alternanthera are used as ornamental plants. New York, Chichester (), Brisbane, Toronto, UK: John Wiley and Sons. Flowering occurs from mid to late summer (Julien and Broadbent, 1980). List of various diseases cured by Alternanthera Sessilis. Alternanthera philoxeroides., Gainesville, FL, USA: USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Biological Forum, 1(2):34-39. 38 (358), 12-15. In: Medd RW, Auld BA, ed. Journal of Phytopathology. Has it been a success?. In natural and semi-natural habitats it is prone to become invasive principally in forests, riverbanks and wetlands. It has been observed growing in water with pH ranging from 4.8 and 7.7 and it is fairly salt tolerant and can survive in upper tidal beaches and other saline conditions (10-30% that of sea water). In 1894 it arrived in Florida and in 1897 it was collected near Mobile, Alabama. (Amaranthaceae) - further extended distribution in Maharashtra. A. philoxeroides grows well in high-nutrient (eutrophic) conditions, but can survive in areas with low nutrient availability  (Weber, 2003; Langeland et al., 2008). Nepal: sharing experiences from agricultural and forestry sectors. Li Jing; Ye WanHui, 2006. Langeland KA; Cherry HM; McCormick CM; Craddock Burks KA, 2008. Inflorescence white, ball-shaped, papery, 1.5 cm in diameter. Intentional IntroductionA. 547-550. Natural Dispersal (Non-Biotic)A. philoxeroides spreads by seeds and vegetatively by root and stem fragments. long. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 3:177-184. PLOS ONE promises fair, rigorous peer review, broad scope, and wide readership – a perfect fit for your research every time. … This weed is extremely difficult to control, is able to reproduce from plant fragments and grows in a wide range of climates and habitats, including terrestrial areas. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). is an invasive herbaceous amphibious weed species in China. The native Alternanthera species are smaller, with the flowers lacking stalks and located at the base of paired leaves whereas the stalk (peduncle) on A. philoxeroides can be up to 9 cm long. The beetle is, however, collected annually in St. Johns River in Florida to ship to areas of the country where the biocontrol agent does not overwinter and A. philoxeroides persists. Journal of Plant Interactions, 9(1):194-199. However, the species can tolerate mean annual temperatures ranging from 10 to 20°C (OEPP/EPPO, 2016). Distribution and damage of Alternanthera philoxeroides in agro-environment of Jiangsu Province. Molecular phylogenetics of Alternanthera (Gomphrenoideae, Amaranthaceae): resolving a complex taxonomic history caused by different interpretations of morphological characters in a lineage with C4 and C3-C4 intermediate species. Griseb.] International Journal of Sustainable Crop Production, 1(1):24-31. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)., USDA-NRCS, 2016. Wallingford, UK: CABI. The aquatic form of the plant has the potential to become a serious threat to waterways, agricultural lands and the natural environment. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management, 15:3-5. xlix + 391 pp. Growth of aquatic alligator weed (,,,, Liao JianXiong; Tao Min; Jiang MingXi, 2014. Das SKD; Singh NP, 2006. In India, A. philoxeroides is spreading across Assam, Bihar, West Bengal, Tripura, Manipur, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Delhi and Punjab. Zhongguo Shengtai Nongye Xuebao/ Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 17:851-856. Gunasekera L; Bonila J, 2001. Another two biotypes exist in Argentina which are morphologically similar but differ in chromosome number, the wild form being tetraploid (2n=68) and the weedy form being hexaploid (2n=102) (Parsons and Cuthbertson, 1992). Found and eradicated from Brisbane and Queensland ( Parsons and Cuthbertson, 1992 cardinalis, Telnanthera cardinalis Nombre científico Alternanthera... Largest freshwater Lake in India ( Masoodin and Khan, 2012 Benefits, Cures, Effects. Et al., 1995 de misturas de herbicidas No controle de Echinochloa crusgalli L.... Alternanthera in the distribution table details section which can be degraded by the infestation was high temperatures 7°C. Amin ASMR ; Sarker SK, 2003 3.0 Unported License the American Entomological Society, 87 ( 3 ) http. 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